Content of Journal Evaluační teorie a praxe 2(1)

 

Remr, J. (2014) „Typologie metaevaluací“. Evaluační teorie a praxe 2(1): 1–22

Typology of Metaevaluations

Jiří Remr, Institut sociologických studií, Fakulta sociálních věd, Univerzita Karlova v Praze

 

Abstract

The text is trying to define what metaevaluation is and it also briefly points-out the key aspects of its introduction and development. The article also presents typical objectives that metaevaluations anticipate. Main part of the text is devoted to analysis of types of metaevaluations; each of the approaches je described and its main strengths and weaknesses are critically reviewed. Detailed typology of metaevaluations is followed by explication of criteria used for metaevaluations and ways how such criteria are defined. The text presents also selected methodological aspects of conducting metaevaluations; attention is paid to sampling and criteria assessment.

Keywords

metaevaluation, evaluation standards, improving quality

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Tenkl, M. (2014) „Kirkpatrickův čtyř-úrovňový model: teorie, praktické využití a možná úskalí“. Evaluační teorie a praxe 2(1): 23–51

Kirkpatrick's Four-level Model: Theory, Practical Application and Possible Difficulties

 

Miroslav Tenkl, Přírodovědecká fakulta Univerzity Karlovy v Praze

 

Abstract

This paper deals with a theoretical framework and possibilities of a practical utilization of Kirkpatricks’s four level model which has been an essential part of an evaluation theories and methods for decades. Although the model was originally invented as an evaluation method for the educational systems, it has been adopted by many other socio-economical disciplines such as health care, industry, project management, environmental issues etc.

In spite of a successful spreading of the model across a wide range of spheres, its practical usage is in many cases disputable. Especially, serious failures very often occur in the time schedule of particular activities related to the each level of the model. As a result, evaluation processes are often delayed which lead to the insufficient or even mistaken conclusions. Beside this, the model is not usually implemented as a whole integrated instrument. On other word, although it is necessary to realize all four levels to achieve relevant results, there are usually carried out only the first two or even the first level.

In general, the basic aim of this paper is to extend knowledge about the model and its key features. In particular, the author mainly stresses those passages of the model in which the practical mistakes most often occur and which consequently cause misleading results.

At the beginning of the paper, there is outlined a historical background of the model as well as the circumstances that led to its emergence. Further, each level of the model is analyzed in detailed way so that one shall understand its practical utilization as well as the strengths and the weaknesses. In addition, the author shortly describes a few alternative models that have mainly emerged as a result of expert debate about the Kirkpatric’s model.

Case study which emphasizes shortages in the practical utilization is one of the crucial parts of the paper. Based on this practical example, the author provides some advices how to avoid making mistakes and to reach reliable results. Finally, one of the last chapter deals with an eventual options of a future development of the Kirkpatric’s model.

 

Keywords

Kirkpatrick, foul level model, evaluation, training evaluation, learning, case study

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Ďurďa, O. (2014) „Analýza povědomí o operačních programech a projektech spolufinancovaných z evropských fondů“. Evaluační teorie a praxe 2(1): 53–78

Analysis of Awareness of Operational Programmes and Projects Co-financed from EU funds

Otakar Ďurďa, Institut evaluací a sociálních analýz

 

Abstract

Paper analyses awareness of inhabitants of Czech Republic on operational programmes, awareness on implemented projects supported by EU funds and also analyses benefits of these projects. Through this analysis is generally examined the effectiveness of communication at the level of operational programmes. In the context with the awareness on implemented projects, and in particular with the awareness on the areas of implementation of these projects, attention is also paid to the confrontation of areas actually supported by EU funds and the preferences and attitudes of inhabitants of the Czech Republic regarding this issue. Based on the comparison of conducted researches that cover the given issue, it can be told that almost all results are similar or the same. Furthermore the analyzed findings indicate high effectiveness of communication towards target group of general population.

 

Keywords

Operational programme, awareness, project, effectiveness, benefit

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Tůmová, J. (2014) „Strategie rozhodování u otázek na frekvenci chování“. Evaluační teorie a praxe 2(1): 79–98

Decision-making Strategy Concerning Questions about the Frequency of Behavior

Markéta Tůmová, Institut sociologických studií, Fakulta sociálních věd, Univerzita Karlova v Praze

 

Abstract

This article "Response strategies of behavioral frequency questions" deals with response strategies that respondents use to determine the frequency of behavior during the cognitive process of answering to the open-ended as well as closed behavioral frequency questions. The theoretical part describes different response strategies used by respondents and deals with variety of factors that influence the choice of these strategies. The analytical part is based on a qualitative research method of cognitive interview. It describes different types of response strategies used by Czech respondents and deals with the frequency of their use. The article concludes that the estimation strategy is used more frequently than the episodic enumeration strategy. However the episodic enumeration strategy is still used more frequently than the other strategies when deciding on the frequency of regular behavior.

 

Keywords

Behavioral frequency questions; cognitive process; response strategies; methodology; cognitive interview

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