Evaluation Types

We focus on these types of evaluations:


1. Meta-evaluation

2. Needs Assessment

3. Process Evaluation

4. Effects Evaluation



1. Meta-evaluation

Meta-evaluation can provide a systematic and objective way to assess the usefulness, accuracy and precision of primary (already made) evaluation.

Meta-evaluation can be divided according to purpose for formative and summative meta-evaluation. Formative meta-evaluation is implemented during primary processing and evaluation. It focuses on identifying potential problems, complications and inaccuracies in the implementation of primary evaluation. Oftentimes, formative meta-evaluation verifies compliance with the original primary evaluation of the project; set also margins from the initial evaluation design. The main objective of the formative meta-evaluation is improve the primary evaluation, establish the accuracy of its implementation and to propose such measures which are effective in preventing errors and their possible escalation. Formative meta-evaluations help to identify weaknesses in the primary evaluation before it is carried out, thus providing sufficient space for the solutions before presenting the results of the primary evaluation to the contracting authority. Formative meta-evaluation, therefore, mainly uses implementer evaluations or other subjects who are responsible for the planning and management evaluations.


2. Needs Assessment

Needs analysis is a type of evaluation that lets identify the discrepancy between the current state and the needs of the target. Given the contradiction, this evaluation type defines its own needs, and its detailed analysis and evaluation leads to the proposal of any intervention. Needs analysis helps optimize the effectiveness of intervention programs as well as the planning and creation of strategies for the further development of these intervention programs. In the specific application conditions, the analysis needs also contribute to enhancing the effectiveness of intervention programs already implemented (by analyzing the degree of satisfaction of the needs of the target) and optimization (instrumental needs analysis and the method of implementation of the intervention). The analysis carried out for the needs of existing intervention programs is to verify whether the intervention program satisfies the previously identified needs and to ensure that the implementation of the intervention program did not change the the needs of the target groups.

Needs analysis can be carried out within the feasibility study, which contributes to the preparation of the decision on the necessity of the intervention. In this case, the main objective of the analysis needs to provide information about the actual necessity of the program, identify unmet expectations of stakeholders and map out the context within which any intervention was implemented.

A major output of needs analysis, among others, is the draft proposal and standards against which they will be later assessed for the implementation effects of the intervention program. Needs analysis helps identify relevant indicators for evaluating the effects of the intervention.


3. Process Evaluation

Process evaluation verifies the functioning of specific forms of an intervention program or project; monitors whether key activities are actually carried out and examines whether these activities are consistent with the objectives of the program or project.

The evaluation process can be used either as a standalone evaluation of the program or project or in a broader sense as an evaluation of the program in conjunction with an assessment of the impact of these programs or projects for the company.

Use the evaluation process to determine how activities are organized various programs that appeal to the target group, the efficiency of the management of the program and the use of tools and technical means of helping to implement the activity or service.

The aim of the evaluation process is to determine whether the program is implemented just for target groups.


4. Effects Evaluation

The evaluation includes an assessment of the effects of outputs, results and impacts of the intervention program.

Evaluation of effects programs is a difficult task, hence the need to specifically define the criteria for evaluating these effects. INESAN uses a method called 3E (sometimes referred to as E3): Effectiveness (effectiveness), Efficiency (efficiency) and Economy (economy).


Output Evaluation

With the evaluation of output and outcomes, we find which effects actually achieved the implemented programs.

Outcome Evaluation

Evaluation of the results is designed to measure changes in the program in the form of measurable indicators.

Impact Evaluation

When evaluating the impacts INESAN analyzes any changes that occurred after the implementation of the program and can be of consequence.